United States Park Police: Career Guide
United States Park Police officers provide law enforcement within parks under the jurisdiction of the US Department of the Interior's National Park Service. The US Park Police force consists of three divisions: Field Operations, Homeland Security, and Services. Park Police may also work in mounted units, patrol units, or traffic units. Their jurisdiction covers national parks and certain other protected lands. Park Police Officers are employed by the federal government. Though regional and local offices are located throughout the US, the major administrative offices for the Park Police are found in Washington DC, New York, and San Francisco. The agency is a division of the US Department of Interior's National Park Service and is the oldest professional law enforcement agency in the United States.
Career Description, Duties, and Common Tasks
The US Park Police enforce state and federal statutes, conduct criminal investigations relating to criminal activity on park lands, and detain individuals suspected of or charged with offenses. Individual responsibilities are determined by the division of the Park Police to which the officer is assigned. The Criminal Investigation Branch (CIB) covers major crimes, special investigations, identification (processing evidence), narcotics crimes, and asset forfeiture. The Special Forces units are comprised of SWAT members, motorcycle units, mounted units, aviation units, canine units, and community relations and special events units. In addition to providing law enforcement services, officers oversee major events, supervise protests, and ensure the safety of park visitors.
Steps for Becoming a United States Park Police Officer
To qualify for a position with the National Park Service, prospective Park Police Officers must be United States citizenship, at least 21 years of age and not more than 37 years of age, have 20/100 vision or better in each eye corrected to 20/20 with glasses or contact lenses, and possess a valid driver's license with a good driving record. Once those minimum requirements are met, the following steps should be followed in order to become part of the US Park Police Force:
- Accumulate 60 semester hours of college credit or two years of active duty military experience with an honorable discharge.
- Apply for an open Park Police job on the USAJOBS website.
- Receive an eligibility confirmation email from USASTAFFING.
- Schedule and pass the Physical Efficiency Battery (PEB) test, which includes a sit-and-reach test, a bench press test, a running test, and a 1.5-mile run/walk.
- Take and pass a comprehensive written exam and job compatibility analysis.
- Take and pass the forms screening review.
- Pass a background investigation.
- Pass a qualification review panel.
- Take and pass a medical review.
- Get hired as a US Park Police Officer.
- Attend a one-week mandatory orientation session in Washington DC.
- Attend an 18-week academy at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center in Glynco, Georgia.
- Be assigned to the Field Training Program in Washington DC.
- Receive a full-time assignment as a US Park Police Officer.
United States Park Police Job Training
All officer recruits must undergo 18 weeks of basic training at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Centers in Glynco, Georgia. Training covers such topics as investigations, executing search warrants, making arrests, firearms, defensive tactics, intelligence for law enforcement operations, crime scenes, counterterrorism, interviewing techniques, ethics, and legal issues. Officers may undergo additional on-the-job field training in their state, working alongside more experienced police.
Other Helpful Skills and Experience
US Park Police must have strong personal skills, be in good physical condition, and adhere to the highest level of integrity and honesty. Previous military or law enforcement experience is beneficial.
Possible Job Titles for This Career
- Park Ranger
- United States Park Police
United States Park Police Salary and Job Outlook
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reports that the average annual salary for fish and game wardens was $57,710 as of 2018.1 Most fish and game wardens, nearly 5,260 out of 6,040 nationwide, work for state governments.1 States like Texas, New York, North Carolina, California, and Wisconsin offer the highest level employment for these positions.1 Jobs for fish and game warden positions, grouped under Police and Detectives in the BLS Occupational Outlook Handbook, are projected to grow 7% through 2026.2
If you are interested in a career as a Park Police Officer, you may also be interested in the related jobs below:
- Conservation Officer
- Criminal Investigator
- FBI Agent
- Fire Investigator
- First-Line Supervisor of Correctional Officer
- Fish and Game Warden
- Homicide Detective
- Narcotics Officer
- Police Officer
- US Marshal
- Victims Advocate
- Crime Scene Investigator
Frequently Asked Questions
Question: What is the typical work schedule for Park Police?
Answer: Park officers generally work a full-time, 40-hour a week schedule. Travel is minimal, but scheduled hours frequently include evenings and weekends.
Question: What benefits do park officers receive?
Answer: Benefits generally include health insurance, life insurance, sick leave, and paid vacation. Officers may also have public transportation costs subsidized and are eligible for the Federal Employees Retirement System.
Question: What type of specialized units does the National Park Service deploy?
Answer: The Park Police has several specialized units, including aviation, K-9, Marine, and SWAT.
Question: Is the job of a park officer physically demanding?
Answer: Yes. Park officers must be able to stand for long periods of time, run when necessary, lift heavy items, and work in all types of weather.
- United States Park Police on Twitter: The official Twitter of the US Park Police.
- United States Park Police: The NPS official website which provides news, conservation resources, and more.
- US Park Police Retirees Association: A membership resource for the national park police.
1. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Employment and Wages May 2018, Fish and Game Wardens: https://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes333031.htm
2. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook, Police and Detectives: https://www.bls.gov/ooh/protective-service/police-and-detectives.htm#tab-5