New York State Trooper Requirements
How to Become a New York State Trooper
For those who meet the minimum qualifications, the first step to becoming a New York State Trooper is to take an entrance exam and complete the application. After that, candidates are called in for an interview and processing, based on their ranking from the exam and any applicable Veteran’s Preference credits. Candidates are then evaluated regarding their physical performance and complete a psychological evaluation, a medical examination, a polygraph test, and a written examination.
The minimum qualifications for New York trooper recruits include being between 21 and 30 years of age and a New York state resident with a valid driver’s license. Trooper recruits must also have a high school diploma or GED plus at least 60 credit hours of college coursework. Part of the college coursework requirement may be waived for those who have had at least two years of military service or completed a Certified Police Officer Training Course.
New York State Trooper/Highway Patrol Job Description
A New York State Trooper has many job duties, ranging from traditional duties to specialized investigations. They enforce vehicle and traffic laws as well as other laws across the state. Troopers are called on to testify in court and to help prosecute cases. They respond to emergency situations and are required to make split-second decisions in high-pressure scenarios. After four years of service, New York State Police Officers may apply for promotion or appointment to specialized duties such as Investigator in the Bureau of Criminal Investigation.
New York State Trooper/Highway Patrol Training, Prerequisites, and Education Requirements
To become a New York State Trooper candidates must be at least 20 years old, but not older than 30 when their application is filed. However, this age limit may be extended by up to six years if an applicant has active duty military service. Applicants must be a citizen of the US, a resident of New York state, and have a high school diploma plus 60 college credit hours. An automatic disqualification occurs for a felony conviction.
Applicants must post passing scores on the state’s physical ability test, which measures flexibility, dynamic strength, and cardiovascular endurance, and must meet specific weight and height requirements. Potential State Troopers must be able to work any shift, including holidays, and be willing to accept a post anywhere within the state. Candidates are also required to have at least 20/100 eyesight uncorrected and 20/20 corrected. They must not have any visible tattoos, brands, body art, or body piercings.
Those who meet these requirements are placed on an eligibility list and may be offered a conditional offer of appointment, pending a medical exam, psychological evaluation, and background investigation. Those who are still in the selection pool after this process may be invited to complete the Basic School for New York State Troopers.
Basic School is an intensive 26-week training program that incorporates physical training and conditioning with rigorous academics in criminal justice, all aimed at developing trooper recruits’ law enforcement and response skills. Following graduation, candidates move to a 10-week Field Training and Evaluation Program (FTEP), in which recruits perform regular duties while paired with a Field Training Officer. This step is considered part of the screening and evaluation process; recruits who pass this stage will continue to be on probationary status for one year. After successfully completing the probationary period, recruits will be fully appointed as sworn New York State Troopers.
New York State Trooper/Highway Patrol Salary and Job Outlook
The New York State Trooper/Highway Patrol base salary is $53,159 during Academy training.1 After graduation from training and during the one-year probationary period, the salary increases to $70,652.1 After completion of probation and appointment as a New York State Trooper, the salary increases to $75,252.1 The base salary for troopers with five years of service is $89,485.1 These salary tiers do not include compensation for longevity, hazardous duty, expanded duty, or the location compensation offered for select counties. Salaries rise again after five years to $84,739. Troopers are eligible to apply for promotion to Sergeant after four years of service.
Troopers receive 120 hours of vacation time per year, which increases with the length of service, as well as 96 hours of paid holiday time. They are entitled to 104 hours of sick leave per year and 24 to 40 hours of personal leave. There are also health, dental, and optical insurance benefits as well as competitive retirement benefits.
New York State Police
800 Crooked Hill Rd
Brentwood, NY 11717
State Trooper and Law Enforcement Related Degrees, Programs & Schools
1. New York State Police Recruitment Center: http://nytrooper.com/salary_benefits.cfm