Emergency Management Degree
The field of emergency management refers to all of programs and agencies that people depend on for quick recovery to unexpected natural disasters like hurricanes, tornados, and fires as well as events related to human-caused disasters like widespread pollution or terrorism. Through either a two or four-year program, emergency management majors learn about the interaction between agencies, first responders, and the public to understand how to create and enact the policies and plans that enable all three spheres to work together in an emergency.
Emergency Management Training and Courses
Since timing is critical in responding to emergencies, planning is the major focus in most emergency management courses. Planning includes communications strategies for reaching the general public in the event of the loss of one or more forms of media, as well as the allocation of resources such as transportation, medical personnel and rescue equipment. It also includes strategies for mitigating the impact of disasters through prior planning and prevention. These principles allow emergency managers and responders to save lives, which is the number one priority in an emergency.
Those who plan to pursue a bachelor’s degree in emergency management may also take courses on how to handle specific events, such as bioterrorism and wildfires. Many courses include special practicums that allow students to practice setting up a command center and directing activities while receiving information about real-world scenarios from instructors.
Examples of courses in an emergency management degree curriculum include:
- Organizational Theory
- Psycho-Social Impacts of Mass Disasters
- Psychology of Disaster
- Hazard Risk and Vulnerability Assessment
- Emergency Planning
- Information Technology in Emergency Management
- Crisis Communication for Emergency Managers
- The National Incident Management System
- Organization and Management of Disaster Response
Emergency Management Professional Certification
Certifications in emergency management vary according to experience and specialty, but one of the most coveted certifications is the Certified Emergency Manager (CEM), awarded by The National Coordinating Council on Emergency Management. To receive CEM certification, individuals must possess a bachelor’s degree, have at least three years of emergency management experience, and undergo a peer review similar to a post-graduate thesis.
Profiles of Emergency Management Degree Programs
Jacksonville State University offers a Master’s in Emergency Management program that can be earned through 30 credit hours of graduate study. 21 credit hours are taken from the required program core with an additional 9 credit hours earned through electives at the 500-level. The core curriculum encompasses foundational courses such as Emergency Preparedness, Research Methods in Emergency Management, and Hazard Mitigation to prepare students for advanced careers in the emergency management field. During the graduation term students must pass a comprehensive examination to earn their degree. Although the majority of students pursue traditional on-campus study the degree requirements can also be met through online study. After acceptance, students have 6 years to complete the degree requirements, which makes possible the flexibility of part-time study to working students. The faculty of Jacksonville State University’s Emergency Management Department are experienced professionals recognized for quality academics and research.
North Dakota State University awards a Master’s in Emergency Management that can be completed on one of two tracks, Thesis or Comprehensive Study. The Thesis track requires 39 credit hours to complete, which includes a 9 credit hour general core and a 12 credit hour core in disaster phases as well as a 3 credit hour practicum. The Comprehensive Study track requires 42 credit hours to complete, including a 15 credit hour core, 18 credit hours of electives, and a 6 credit hour practicum as well as a comprehensive study paper. Example electives for either track include Hazard, Risk, and Vulnerability Assessment; Comprehensive Emergency Management Planning; and International Emergency Management. Both curriculums emphasize understanding of all phases of emergency management: Preparedness, response, recovery, and mitigation. The Department of Emergency Management at North Dakota State is a member of the Emergency Management Higher Education Consortium and is committed to developing and advancing emergency management as an academic discipline.
Georgetown University, through its School of Continuing Studies, awards an Executive Master of Professional Studies in Emergency and Disaster Management. This degree program emphasizes professional leadership and expertise through strategic and critical thinking. The one-year program is cohort-based and involves intensive field study and interaction with emergency management experts on real-world scenarios during four onsite experiences. Off-site learning is pursued through online instruction during each of the five curriculum modules. The curriculum culminates in a capstone that challenges students’ critical thinking and planning skills through large-scale disaster and multiple-day disaster simulations. Students benefit from the school’s partnership with Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, which offers training and learning opportunities through demonstrations, internships, and advisement. Admission to the program is competitive, and the school is particularly seeking students who have previous public service experience as well as demonstrated academic success.
Job Opportunities for Emergency Management Degree Program Graduates
Degrees in emergency management prepare graduates to work in emergency management positions for local, state, and federal government agencies, where they will coordinate with first responders such as fire departments and rescue squads. Emergency management graduates may also find employment with consultancies that provide risk management consulting, or on the security staff of large manufacturing or mining operations. After graduating from an emergency management program and earning real world experience, many emergency management graduates go on to work for worldwide organizations such as the United Nations, where they can make an impact on issues that effect citizens across the globe.
Online Emergency Management Degree Program Info, Courses, and Criminal Justice Schools
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Bumgarner, Jeffrey B. Emergency Management: A Reference Handbook. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, Inc., 2008. Print.
Haddow, George D., Jane A. Bullock and Damon P. Coppola. Introduction to Emergency Management. 4th ed. Burlington: Elsevier, Inc., 2011. Print.
Page Edited by Charles Sipe.