Careers in Homeland Security
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is a government department that was created following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. The job of DHS professionals is to protect the citizens of this country from attack – both foreign and domestic. DHS employees are involved in securing the nation’s borders, airports, seaports, and waterways. They are responsible for developing and testing new security technologies. The DHS is the body responsible for responding to not only terrorist attacks, but natural disasters as well.
There are many divisions around the country that provide opportunities for Homeland Security professionals. These include US Citizenship and Immigration Enforcement, US Customs and Border Protection, the Federal Emergency Management Agency, US Immigration and Customs Enforcement, the Secret Service, the US Transportation Security Administration, and others.
How to Become a Homeland Security Professional
Formal education and significant training is recommended to prepare for the challenges of working in this rapidly changing and complex field. Many colleges and universities now offer a Homeland Security degree that prepares applicants for a career in law enforcement, investigations of international and domestic terrorism, investigation of cybercrime, the management of hazardous materials, and industrial and commercial security. Although students can earn an associate’s, a bachelor’s, or a master’s in Homeland Security, for higher-level positions in this field, a minimum of a bachelor’s is recommended. It is not a requirement that one have a degree in Homeland Security in order to be employed by this department. In fact, a bachelor’s in criminal justice can also pave the way in this career.
Careers in Homeland Security
Learn more about specific careers including job descriptions, requirements, and salary information.
- Federal Air Marshal
- Immigration Enforcement Agent
- ICE Agent
- TSA Screener
- Border Patrol Agent
- Secret Service Agent
Degrees for Homeland Security
- Homeland Security Degree
- Cybersecurity Degree
- Emergency Management Degree
- Counterterrorism Degree
- Security Management Degree
- Criminal Justice Administration Degree
Homeland Security Salary & Benefits
Like most government jobs, positions in the DHS offer competitive salaries and benefits. The salary varies greatly depending on location, experience, education, and job function. For example an emergency management specialist earns a median salary of $52,590 in the United States according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics as of 2009.1 Federal employees are typically paid based on the general schedule pay tables. For example border patrol agents often start at the GS-5 level, which ranges from $27,431 to $35,657 as of 2012.2 In addition to the salary, there are many benefits offered including health, life, and long-term care insurance policies, the government’s thrift savings plan (which is similar to a 401(k)), flexible spending accounts and a retirement plan. Another benefit is personal leave days that may be used for vacation, illness, and care of family members and paid federal holidays. In some particular positions, there may be the opportunity for additional benefits like tuition reimbursement, health and wellness programs, fitness centers, and a uniform allowance.
The outlook for positions in the Department of Homeland Security is positive as the demand for qualified professionals in this field will rise in response to the ongoing threat of terrorism. Job availability will also depend on federal funding and the DHS budget. The DHS budget for fiscal year 2012 was just over $46 billion.3 An increase in retirements from baby boomers will provide additional opportunities. Job openings can be found on the Department of Homeland Security official site.
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Additional Helpful Resources
Law Enforcement and Homeland Security Programs
American InterContinental University Online
- Bachelor's - Homeland Security and Crisis Management
- BS - Homeland Security
- MS - Criminal Justice
- PhD - Criminal Justice
California University of Pennsylvania
- Master of Science in Legal Studies: Homeland Security
- M.S.in Criminal Justice - Terrorism, Mediation, and Peace
- Master of Public Administration - Homeland Security Policy and Coordination
- PhD in Criminal Justice - Homeland Security Policy and Coordination-Advanced
Colorado Technical University Online
- Masters of Science in Management in Homeland Security
- Bachelor of Science in Criminal Justice
- Bachelor of Science in Criminal Justice: Human Services
- BS in Criminal Justice
- AA in Criminal Justice
- Masters in Criminal Justice: Command College
Keiser University Graduate School
- Criminal Justice, MA (Online)
1. Bureau of Labor Statistics: http://www.bls.gov/oes/2009/may/oes131061.htm
2. US Office of Personnel Management: http://www.opm.gov/oca/12tables/pdf/gs.pdf
3. Department of Homeland Security: http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/mgmt/dhs-budget-in-brief-fy2013.pdf
Page Edited by Charles Sipe.