Homeland Security Degree & Career Center
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) was created following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. The job of DHS professionals is to protect the citizens of this country from attack, at home and abroad. DHS employees are involved in securing the nation’s borders, airports, seaports, and waterways. They are also involved in developing and testing new security technologies. In addition to responding to terrorist threats, the DHS also responds to natural disasters.
There are many DHS divisions that provide opportunities for homeland security professionals. These include Immigration Enforcement, US Customs and Border Protection, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the Secret Service, the Transportation Security Administration (TSA), and others.
How to Become a Homeland Security Professional
Formal education and training is recommended to prepare for the challenges of working in this rapidly changing and complex field. Many colleges and universities now offer homeland security degree programs that prepare students for careers in law enforcement, the investigation of international and domestic terrorism, the investigation of cybercrime, the management of hazardous materials, and industrial and commercial security. A bachelor’s degree in criminal justice or a related field is recommended for most positions within the Department of Homeland Security. Higher-level and supervisory positions may require a graduate degree or a suitable combination of education and experience. However, some positions, such as TSA screeners, have less stringent education requirements for entry-level hires.
Careers in Homeland Security
Learn more about specific careers including job descriptions, requirements, and salary information. The careers listed below fall within the Department of Homeland Security unless otherwise noted.
- Border Patrol
- CIA Analyst
- CIA Officer
- FBI Agent
- Federal Air Marshal
- ICE agent
- Immigration Enforcement Agent
- Secret Service Agent
- TSA Screener
Degrees for Homeland Security
- Homeland Security Degree
- Cybersecurity Degree
- Emergency Management Degree
- Counter Terrorism Degree
- Security Management Degree
- Criminal Justice Administration Degree
Homeland Security Salary & Benefits
Positions in the DHS offer competitive salaries and benefits. The salary varies depending on location, experience, education, and job function. Federal employees are typically paid based on the federal General Schedule (GS) pay tables, which can be viewed at the US Office of Personnel Management website. In addition to salary, there are many federal benefits including health, life, and long-term care insurance policies, the government’s thrift savings plan (which is similar to a 401(k)), flexible spending accounts, and pension plans. Another benefit is personal leave days that may be used for vacation, illness, and care of family members. In some positions, there may be opportunities for additional benefits like tuition reimbursement, health and wellness programs, fitness centers, and a uniform allowance.
The outlook for positions in the Department of Homeland Security is positive as the demand for qualified professionals in this field remains stable in light of the ongoing threat of terrorism. An increase in retirement of officers and agents from the Baby Boomer Generation may provide additional opportunities. Job openings can be found on the DHS site.
Our list of top homeland security blogs provide news, insights, and commentary on the work of professionals in this field.
Law Enforcement and Homeland Security Programs
1. Office of Personnel Management 2016 General Schedule: https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/pay-leave/salaries-wages/2016/general-schedule/